ONCOLOGY


Lung cancer
Bladder cancer
Pancreatic cancer

Oncology is a branch of internal medicine that deals with benign and malignant diseases of the blood, malignant diseases of the lymph nodes and lymphatic system, as well as malignant solid tumors such as breast cancer or lung cancer.
Internal hematology/oncology deals with the development, frequency distribution, diagnosis, non-surgical therapies and preventative measures

Lung cancer

There are different types of lung cancer. Particularly malignant is small cell lung carcinoma. The vast majority of lung cancers are caused by smoking, so the most effective prevention is to give up smoking completely or not even to start smoking in the first place

lung cancers

  • Non-small cell lung carcinoma (lung cancer from larger cells)
  • Small cell lung carcinoma (lung cancer from small cells)
  • Malignant pleuramesothelioma (tumorous thickening of rib rock)
  • Neuroendocrine tumors of the lungs
  • Lung metastases of other tumors
  • Pleurate carcinoses (infestation of metastases of the breast fur)
  • Multimodal therapy concepts
  • Mediastinal tumors

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is all malignant tumors emanating from the urinary bladder. Bladder cancer is caused by chronic inflammation (including parasite infections), the uptake of best chemical substances, tobacco use, radiation exposure and anti-defense suppressive drugs. Depending on the extent, the cancer of the bladder is treated with the complete removal of the bladder, radiotherapy in combination with systemic chemotherapy or even local chemotherapy. 
In early discovered bladder cancer, the healing prospects are good, but in the case of already expanded diseases with metastases, the chances of healing are low.

Pancreatic Cancer 

Pancreatic cancer are malignant tumors of the pancreas. The merity of the tumors affects the digestive enzyme forming part of the pancreas and here especially the corridors inside the organ

Symptoms

  • Steadily increasing jaundice
  • Increasing abdominal pain
  • Indigestion
  • Weight loss

Treatments

Early stages: Surgery can heal if the tumor can be completely removed.

The prerequisites for surgery are
Tumor has not yet formed a settlement in other organs
The patient does not suffer from severe concomitant diseases, which make surgery too risky

The procedure depends on where the tumor is inside the pancreas and how large it is. Although part of the pancreas can be preserved, the tumor may be too close to other organs and that it must be removed.

Surgical procedures

Pancreatic left resection

The left-sided part of the pancreas, which is located to the spleen, is completely removed. Only if it is a benign tumor can the spleen be preserved. In the case of a malignant tumor, the spleen must be removed

Pancreatic head section to cheat/whipple
This operation removes two-thirds of the stomach, duodenum, gallbladder and pancreatic head.
Only through this radical removal can the most important radiations of the tumor be removed.
The classic variant of the operation is now modified in the vast majority of cases by the fact that the stomach is no longer surgically removed.
The removal of pancreatic tissue can lead to a lack of digestive enzymes and thus leads to a disturbed absorption of nutrients from the intestine.
Partial removal of the stomach can lead to a misstaffing of the intestine with bacteria and to a disturbed food passage.
There may also be delayed emptying of the stomach after a mager-holding operation.

Total pancreatectomy
This variant of resecting pancreatic surgery is the most radical form of therapy, as this therapy removes the entire pancreas. However, the following problems for the patient are considerable, especially with regard to the sometimes severely derailed sugar metabolism. Patients often struggle with a very severe setting of sugar metabolism after surgery, with a great danger for sometimes life-threatening under-sugar.
Total pancreatectomy is therefore only used as a last resort if the pancreas has to be removed due to a leakage of the seam compound or due to a very advanced tumor.

Pancreatic segment resection
This is an organ-saving operational measure. Especially in hormone-producing tumors, this possibility is given. The problems that can arise with this organ-saving operation are the reconnection of the pancreas to the intestine and the associated risk of a chirpy pancreatic secretion fistula.
The surgical procedure is used much less often in total than the Whipple operation or the left-sided pancreatic resection.